Monday, 25 June 2012

HEART DISEASES AND ARE YOU AT RISK?

Discussion: Mississippi has the highest rate of heart disease according to the Kaiser Family Foundation, with 260.2 deaths per population of 100,000. Minnesota has the lowest rate of heart disease, with 126.6 deaths per population of 100,000. Heart disease may refer to several types of heart conditions, including arrhythmias, cardiomyopathy, congestive heart failure and coronary artery disease (CAD). CAD is the most common, and occurs when plaque builds up in the arteries that supply the heart with blood. As arterial plaque builds within the heart vessels, a decrease in amount of blood flow to the heart occurs due to the narrowing of the blood vessels, which can potentially lead to angina and/or heart attack. The most common risk factors for heart disease include: High blood pressure, Diabetes Mellitus, High cholesterol levels, Smoking, Diets high in saturated fats and cholesterol, Obesity and Family history.

If you're at high risk or have symptoms of heart disease, your doctor may perform the following screening tests: Cholesterol Electrocardiogram (EKG) Echocardiogram Exercise stress test Cardiac catheterization Coronary angiogram Do you know someone who may be at risk for heart disease? Do you want to learn further information on heart disease? Please follow the links for further information on each of the procedures and conditions listed above.