Sunday, 16 September 2012

BLOOD CLOT


When the adulation of life is gone, the coward sneaks to his death, but the brave live on. The brain can be easy to buy, but the heart never comes to market.

Blood clot prevention and treatment reduces the risk of stroke, heart attack and pulmonary embolism.


Blood clots consist of blood cells and fibrin strands that form to stop the flow of blood after an injury. Blood clots are vital for wound healing. If blood was not able to clot, death would occur from excessive bleeding from a simple cut.

Follow your heart, but be quiet for a while first. Ask questions, then feel the answer. Learn to trust your heart.

Somehow, the inappropriate formation of blood clots in vessels or organs of the body can occur, leading to a potentially extremely dangerous situation. When blood clots form within arteries and veins, they obstruct the flow of blood, which can lead to a heart attack or stroke. Blood clots formed after surgery or due to a traumatic injury may also be life threatening.

Let your heart guide you. It whispers, so listen closely.

Peripheral venous disorder, problems with the veins can cause blood clots to form

Thrombophlebitis, an obstructing blood clot has formed, causing the surrounding vein to become inflamed

Coronary thrombosis, a blood clot in coronary arteries leading to a heart attack

Deep vein thrombosis, blood clot formed in a deeper vein

Pulmonary embolism, a blood clot in the lungs

Retinal vein occlusion, blood clot in a vein of the eye

Finding the clots: what to do,

Doppler ultrasound

CAT scan

MRI

A venogram may also be ordered to assess venous blood flown, while an angiogram will be able to determine blood flow in the arteries.

The symptoms and signs of blood clots typically depend on location in the body. Some can be very serious, leading to a stroke, ischemic attack, or heart attack.

To the sick, while there is life there is hope.

If a blood clot occurs in the lung, you may experience:

Sharp chest pain

Rapid heart rate

Shortness of breath

Mild fever

Coughing up blood

If there are blood clots in the arteries of the arm or leg, you may feel or see:

Sudden pain

Swelling

Bluish discolouration

Tenderness

If blood clots appear in the brain, you may experience:

Weakness

Seizures

Visual disturbances

Speech impairment

If blood clots form in the abdomen, symptoms may include:

Severe abdominal pain

Diarrhoea

Vomiting

There are various reasons for the formation of blood clots, from traumatic injury to certain surgical procedures.

Certain medical conditions are also associated with the increased likelihood of clot formation:

Arteriosclerosis

Stroke

Infection

Inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis

Varicose veins and other vascular conditions

High blood pressure

Also

Genetic factors such as inherited tendency for deep vein thrombosis stress for many years with spectacular

Thrombocythemia

Cancer

Atrial fibrillation

Valvular heart disease

Autoimmune disorders such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis

Bleeding disorders such as haemophilia

Pregnancy

He who has never hoped can never despair.

There are also a number of risk factors that can contribute to the development of blood clots, including:

Smoking

Obesity

Lack of exercise

Use of contraceptive pill or patch

Advanced age

Sitting or laying in one position for prolonged periods of time

Genetic factors

Elevated levels of homocysteine

The men whom I have seen succeed best in life always have been cheerful and hopeful men; who went about their business with a smile on their faces; and took the changes and chances of this mortal life like men; facing rough and smooth alike as it came.

Treating blood clots depends on whether the clot has formed in a vein or an artery. The size of the clot, location, and the person’s general health are also taken into consideration.

If a clot develops in an artery and results in a stroke or heart attack, thrombotic medications may be administered intravenously to dissolve the blood clot.

If a blood clot forms in a vein, it could travel to the lungs and cause a pulmonary embolism. A combination of heat, painkillers, anti clotting drugs, elevation and bandaging of the affected area are commonly used to treat venous thrombosis. In severe episodes, surgery may be performed to remove the blood clot before it travels to the lungs.

The best way to treat blood clots is to prevent them. Just when the caterpiller thought life was over, it became a butterfly.

Exercise regularly

Avoid sitting for prolonged periods

Lead a healthy lifestyle

Maintain a healthy weight to avoid obesity, a risk factor

If you smoke, try to stop smoking naturally

Avoid sitting cross-legged

Avoid wearing tight garments such as knee hosiery below the waist

When traveling by air, get up to stretch at least once an hour

For cowards the road of desertion should be left open; they will carry over to the enemy nothing, but their fears. Be brave and prepared, act fast and always seek a professional help.