Tuesday, 8 May 2012

Dehydration


Occurs when the body is deprived of its normal supply of water or excessive water is lost.There is a delicate balance in the body between water and dissolved substances. This condition is most life-threatening in newborns, infants and persons over 60. Dehydration occurs when the body loses more fluids then it takes in. The loss of fluid can come from vomiting, diarrhea, sweating, or urination. Severe dehydration can lead to renal failure, and cardiovascular collapse.

Symptoms:
Dry or sticky mouth, low or no urine output, dark yellow urine, not producing tears, sunken eyes, confusion, low blood pressure, dizziness, lethargy, coma.

Treatment:
Depends on the severity of the dehydration and the cause of the dehydration. If not severe, oral rehydration will be performed. More serious cases will require intravenous hydration. The cause of the dehydration will be addressed as well.
Blood tests will be done to determine the severity of the dehydration. Tests to determine the cause of the dehydration will also be performed and may include: blood cultures, urine culture, toxicology screen, X-rays, or CT scans.